Human immunoglobulin, also known as immunoglobulin therapy or intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG), is a medication derived from human plasma that contains a concentrated mixture of antibodies. It is used in the treatment of various immune-related disorders.
Human immunoglobulin works by providing additional antibodies to the body, which can help boost the immune response and provide passive immunity against certain infections. It is particularly useful in conditions where the immune system is compromised or unable to produce sufficient antibodies on its own.
The medication is typically administered through intravenous infusion. The dosage and treatment duration depend on the specific condition being treated, as well as the individual’s response to the therapy.
Common uses of human immunoglobulin include the treatment of primary immunodeficiency disorders, autoimmune diseases, and certain neurological conditions. It may also be used as a preventive measure in some cases, such as for individuals with a weakened immune system who are at risk of infections.
Common side effects of human immunoglobulin may include headache, fever, fatigue, and allergic reactions. Serious side effects are rare but can include kidney problems or blood clotting disorders. Close monitoring by a healthcare professional is typically required during treatment.
Human immunoglobulin should only be used under the guidance and prescription of a qualified healthcare professional experienced in immunoglobulin therapy. It may interact with other medications, so it is important to inform the healthcare provider about all medications being taken, including over-the-counter drugs and supplements.
In summary, human immunoglobulin is a medication used in the treatment of immune-related disorders. It provides additional antibodies to support the immune system and prevent or manage infections. Regular monitoring and adherence to healthcare provider instructions are important during human immunoglobulin therapy.
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