Cisplatin is a medication used in the treatment of various types of cancer, including testicular cancer, bladder cancer, and ovarian cancer. It belongs to a class of drugs known as platinum-based chemotherapy agents.
Cisplatin works by damaging the DNA in cancer cells, which disrupts their ability to divide and grow. This ultimately leads to the death of the cancer cells.
The medication is typically administered intravenously and may be used alone or in combination with other chemotherapy drugs. The specific dosage and treatment regimen are determined by the healthcare provider based on the individual’s condition, response to therapy, and other factors.
Common side effects of cisplatin may include nausea, vomiting, kidney toxicity, hearing loss, and peripheral neuropathy (numbness or tingling in the extremities). More serious side effects, such as allergic reactions or bone marrow suppression, can occur but are less common. Regular monitoring of kidney function, blood cell counts, and other parameters may be recommended during treatment.
Cisplatin should only be used under the guidance and prescription of a qualified healthcare professional experienced in the treatment of cancer. It may interact with other medications, so it is important to inform the healthcare provider about all medications being taken, including over-the-counter drugs and supplements.
In summary, cisplatin is a medication used in the treatment of various types of cancer. It damages the DNA in cancer cells to inhibit their growth and division. Regular monitoring and adherence to healthcare provider instructions are important during cisplatin treatment.
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