Apixaban is a medication used to prevent and treat blood clots in certain medical conditions. It belongs to a class of drugs known as direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs).
Apixaban works by inhibiting the activity of specific clotting factors in the blood, such as factor Xa. By blocking these clotting factors, apixaban helps to prevent the formation of blood clots and reduce the risk of related complications, such as stroke or deep vein thrombosis.
The medication is commonly prescribed for conditions such as atrial fibrillation, where irregular heart rhythms can increase the risk of blood clot formation, and for the prevention and treatment of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism.
Apixaban is taken orally in tablet form and is typically prescribed in a specific dosage regimen determined by the healthcare provider. Regular monitoring of blood tests, such as INR (International Normalized Ratio), is generally not required with apixaban use.
Common side effects of apixaban may include bleeding, bruising, gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea or indigestion, and fatigue. It is important to seek immediate medical attention if any signs of bleeding or unusual bruising occur.
Apixaban should be used with caution in individuals with a history of bleeding disorders or those taking other medications that can increase the risk of bleeding. It is important to inform the healthcare provider about all medications being taken, including over-the-counter drugs and supplements.
In summary, apixaban is a medication used to prevent and treat blood clots. It inhibits specific clotting factors and reduces the risk of clot-related complications. Regular monitoring and adherence to healthcare provider instructions are important during apixaban treatment. Immediate medical attention should be sought for any signs of bleeding.
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